The pain of Kidney stones does not happen when the stones are present in the kidney. In fact it starts when the stone(s) travels from Kidney to the ureter (the duct from the kidney to the bladder). So people do not ‘feel’ or are not able to know that they have Kidney stones. Only when the stone falls into the tube and causes an obstruction, the pain is felt and the patient realizes the stone in Kidneys.
Kidney makes urine till the time it keeps on receiving the blood but when the urine backs up and stretches the kidney, one feels unbearable pain in the area and the back body. People who have experienced this uncomfortable and continuous pain have also mentioned that the pain is worse than childbirth.
The size of the stone is different for each patient. Sometimes it is small as a grain and certain times is ‘staghorn’, a form that almost fills the kidney. These stones are mostly calcium based- calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. A diet high in salt, dehydration, genetics contribute to a person getting Kidney stones. It is necessary in all the cases to always keep the body well hydrated. The fluid intake in the form of water, fruits, vegetable juices should be a constant in life.
According to Dr. Shagun Sikka, the best Urologist in Jalandhar, simple, plain, clean water with no type of sweetener or soda added to it, is savior in preventing many diseases the body builds due to unhealthy food practices. It is necessary to remember that soda has high sodium levels. Sodium is basically salt. The body absorbs his salt over calcium. The salt leaves the calcium behind to bind and make stones. The patients are mostly advised to maintain a low-oxalate diet that is a diet rich in plant based food items and avoiding animal protein.